There are 402 species of parrots. The scientific name for parrots is psittacines. Parrots make up the order of Psittaciformes. Parrots are divided into 3 superfamilies which are true parrots, cockatoos, and New Zealand parrots.
In the wild, parrots mainly live in tropical and subtropical regions but are also found in regions with more moderate climates. Certain parrots eat meat but the parrot diet consists mainly of fruit, nuts, seeds and plants as well as insects.
Parrots are mainly monogamous, having one romantic partner for the duration of their life. A pair of romantic parrots develop a very strong bond. Observers can usually tell if a pair of parrots have a romantic relationship. The two birds may regularly perch together, share food, and males tend to display additional courtship behavior. In some parrot species it is easy to tell males and females apart. In others species it is impossible to tell the parrot's sex based on visible appearance. Sometimes parrots will display courtship type behavior with parrots of the same sex.
Parrots are considered to be among the smartest of birds. Aside from the allure of owning colorful parrots that can talk, the high intelligence of parrots are a key reason why so many owners choose to make parrots a part of their family. Depending on the species, parrots are able to solve puzzles, use tools, and develop large vocabularies with understanding the words they use. The intelligence of parrots is attributed to their large brain in comparison to their body size. This measurement is an indicator of intelligence and used to estimate intelligence across the animal kingdom.
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